History of Khoshmat - Dr. Mardiros H. Chakoian

Editorial note


Vartan Vartanian


Chapter 1: Palu and the fort

Chapter 2: Monasteries and Sanctuaries


Chapter 1: Education in Palou

Chapter 2: United Association of Armenians in Palou

• Havav

• Nerkhi

Chapter 3

• Villages of Palou

• Statistics of Palou Armenian-inhabited villages

• The Great Earthquake of Palou


Chapter 1

• Khoshmat

• The Holy Mother of God Church

• The Church of Khoshmat

• Priests

Chapter 2 : Sanctuaries

• Abdul-Mseh (Donag)

• Holy Cross

• Holy Cathedral

• St. Giragos

• St. Mangig

Chapter 3

• Springs

• Field Springs

• Humanlike Stones

Chapter 4

• Tbrotsasirats Association and the School of Khoshmat

• Teachers (1880-96)

• The First Graduates of the School of Khoshmat

• The Last Graduates of Khoshmat’s High School (1913-1914)

• Khoshmat Through My Eyes

Chapter 5: The Intellectuals of Khoshmat

• Arakel Babajanian

• Bedros effendi Fermanian

• Hampartsoum Oulousian

• Vahan Oulousian

• Vartan Dirad

• Garabed Klanian

• Sarkis B. Klanian

• Toros Klanian

• Bedros Papazian

• Boghos H. Chakoian

• Haroutiun Vartanian

• Manoug Dzaghigian

• Kapriel Frangian

• Dikran Ghazaros Bedigian

• Hagop Ghazaros Bedigian

• Mikayel Khodjoian

• Boghos Deradourian

• Hampartsoum Harutounian (Bournousouzian)

• Bethlehem Markarian (Shaghougian)

• Mgrdich Malian

• Boghos Papazian

• Karekin Garabedian

• Father Manoug Khodjoian

• Hovhannes Klanian

Chapter 6 : The Important Initiatives of the Tbrotsasirats Association of Khoshmat

Chapter 7 : Ladies Auxiliary Society of Khoshmat

Chapter 8 : Architects

• Aznavour Efendi Khodjoian

• Toros Khalifa Malian (Ghazarian) Kara Toros

• Mardiros Ghazarian

• Simon Khalifa Bedigian or Melkonian

• Arakel Milidosian

• Garabed Milidosian

• Sahag Oulousian

• Haji Krikor Milidosian

• Donabed Khabloian (Arghntsonts)

• Markar Shaghougian

• Kokona Vartan

Chapter 9 : Various types of crafts

• Joinery

• Masonry

• Carpeting

• Pottery

Chapter 10 : Manufacturing

• Oil presses of Khoshmat

• Hand Millstone

• Fruits

• Vegetables


Chapter 1 : Traditions and Customs

• New Year

• Christmas

• Paregentan

• Easter

• Wedding

• Life of the Bride

• Songs

• Popular Medicine

• Wishes and blessings

• Curses

• Things portending misfortune

• Dream interpretation

• Riddles

• Sayings (Fables)

• Provincial Proverbs (Talks)

• Commonly used phrases

• Games (for boys)

• Words of wisdom from the elderly people

Chapter 2 : Historic Characters and Famous Events

• Father Khachadour Shiroian

• Father Reteos Simonian

• Mardiros Shahen Chakoian

• Sarkis effendi Dzaghigian’s royal medal

• Boghos Harutounian

• Nazar Nazarian

• The Power of the Pitchfork and Khachig Chakoian

• How Sarkis Vartanian Drowned

• Fragment of Soukias Depoian’s Life

• How We Left Khoshmat and The Intercession of St. Mangig in 1896

• Farewell of Seven Young Men

• Fragments of Simon Simonian’s Life

• Abduction of Paro (A Group of Pilgrims)

• Tax Collectors

• Incident with Bedros Simonian

• Interesting Memoirs of Krikor Der Khachadourian (Koko)

• Mardiros Shaghougian (Kaloian) - One of His Episodes

• Fragment of Sarkis Shahin Chakoian’s Life

• Hagop Tatigian (Ali Baba)

• Haroutiun Deradourian and the Incident with the Box of Eggs

• The herdsman of Khoshmat, by Sarkis Shahrigian

• An Interesting Incident in the Life of the Herdsman


Chapter 1 : Notorious Beys of Palou

• Keor Abdullah bey

• Khoshmatlian Dynasty and Beys

Chapter 2

• Khoshmat Resistance – 1897

• The Bloody Fight

• Trial of the Beys

• The End of the Beys

• The Meliks of Khoshmat

Chapter 3 : The Order to Begin the Massacre

• The Role of Garabed Klanian and Misak Shaghougian (Kaloian)

• Khachadour Shiroian’s memoirs (From Canada)

• Mgrdich Taraian (from Marseille): Taken from his Bloody Memoirs

• Apkar Simonian

• Baghdasar Deradourian (from Marseille): Memoirs

Chapter 4

• Soldiers of Khoshmat

• Khoshmat Volunteers

• A Fragment of Volunteer’s Life

• A Fragment of Benjamin Shaghougian’s Life (A Volunteer)

• Other Soldiers Native of Khoshmat

Chapter 5 : Photos of Khoshmat Armenians

Chapter 6 : People of Khoshmat in Constantinople (Taken from the notes of the late Toros Klanian)

Chapter 7 : People of Khoshmat in Diaspora

• People of Khoshmat in France

• People of Khoshmat in Soviet Armenia

• People of Khoshmat in Syria

• People of Khoshmat in Canada

• People of Khoshmat in America

Arakel Babajanian

Born in Khoshmat, Mr. Arakel Babajanian was a young man of average height with a wide, rounded forehead, black sparkling eyes and a spunky personality. The little black moustache gave his face a glow and made him look even more charming as a teacher.  Arakel was a very serious, humble, and friendly man. One of the first graduates of Khoshmat’s school, Mr. Babajanian worked at the same school for many years, using his skills and talents for the benefit of the people of Khoshmat.   

He began his work at the school at the invitation of the school inspector of Severeg and on the initiative of the United Association, and continued for many years, earning the love and respect of the locals and pupils alike. His reputation as a great teacher spread rapidly and he got invited to Chnkush to hold the same position there. Arakel became a true apostle of the revolution and along with Fr. Armen dedicated himself to revolutionary activities while still working as a teacher. The young generation was aglow with the spirit of patriotism and liberation.

Under the pretense of sports, Arakel exhorted the younger generation to conduct military drills, using wood and brooms. The young men of Chnkush who became soldiers thanks to Arakel displayed great courage during the First World War. One day the names of Fr. Armen and Mr. Arakel Babajanian will appear in the "History of Chnkush," evoking feelings of pride and awe.

In 1909 and in 1910 Mr. Babajanian, a literary figure, regularly contributed to the "Arevelk" newspaper under the signature "Arabar."  One of his well- known masterpieces was called "Gelgel," which is a type of grain.

The inspector of the United Association, Prof. Minasian, appointed him to the post of the inspector of the Garin/Erzurum region. Later in 1913 he became the headmaster at the school of Keghi-Khoups.

During the First World War he managed to get to the Caucasus along with his wife and two sons. There he joined the Armenian volunteer units. After the ceasefire he settled in Tbilisi where he got acquainted with the editor of "Mshag"—Mr. Hampartsum Arakelian. Later he became his good friend and assistant.

During these days an epidemic started across Caucasus. Homeless, starving people dressed in tatters were wandering in the streets of Tbilisi. Arakel could no longer stand this heartbreaking situation and hurried to lend a helping hand to the nation, comforting them and healing their wounds the same way a very generous man, Prof. Donabed Liulejian, one of the professors of the Euphrates College, once did. Unfortunately, these two honorable intellectuals who served the suffering nation of Armenia like selfless soldiers also became the victims of an outbreak. Arakel, died leaving his wife and two sons alone. Thus, another worthy son of Khoshmat went down in history as one of the heroes of his village.